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Epilepsy and Movement Disorders

What are movement disorders?

Movement disorders are a group of neurological disorders that cause abnormal movements. These movements may be voluntary or involuntary, and they may faster or slower than typical movements.

Epilepsy is one of the more well-known movement disorders. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes seizures due to abnormal brain activity. Other movement disorders include Tourette syndrome, Parkinson's disease, restless leg syndrome, and many others.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of movement disorders vary greatly depending on the specific disorder. They may include:

  • Abnormal movements such as spasms, slower-than-normal movements, repetitive movements, or shaking
  • Confusion
  • Impaired bladder function
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Psychological disorders
  • Seizures
  • Staring
  • Trouble walking or balance problems

How is it diagnosed?

To diagnose a movement disorder, your doctor will first discuss your family medical history and your medical history, and then he will conduct a physical exam. If further testing is needed, he may order blood tests or imaging tests.

How are they treated?

There are several treatment options for movement disorders. Certain lifestyle changes, oral medications, or injections may help. Deep brain stimulation is another common treatment option that can help alleviate symptoms. The course of treatment varies depending on each patient’s individual circumstance. Your doctor will discuss the options, and, together, you can decide which course of treatment is best for you.