Knee pain can result from a variety of disorders, including irritation of the tendons, ligament sprains and tears, joint issues such as cartilage tears and arthritis, and knee cap or patella femoral related issues. These disorders can be a result of trauma, postural imbalances, wear and tear, and a variety of other mechanisms. Treatment begins with a thorough history, to help your therapist understand your pain. Your therapist will complete a thorough physical examination and biomechanical evaluation, to determine the mechanism your pain. Treatment options are determined by your symptom behavior and evaluation findings. Options available include:
- Modalities: A variety of options such as heat/ice, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation may be used to help control your pain and inflammation.
- Manual therapy: This includes joint mobilization/manipulation to improve deficits in mobility, as well as soft tissue mobilization and myofascial release to decrease pain and improve mobility.
- Taping techniques: Special tape is utilized to help control the alignment of the knee cap.
- Exercise: This may be the most frequently utilized treatment for knee pain. This can include specific stretching or strengthening activities to improve the motion, strength, control, or endurance for musculature controlling your knee. Most programs will also include a specifically tailored home exercise routine to help you continue your progress.
- Education: Your therapist will help you to understand your pain, and develop strategies that you can use to control your pain on a daily basis.