Other Applications

Reinforcement interventions can also be applied successfully to other health areas:

1. Weight Loss

a. Petry, N.M., Barry, D., Pescatello, L., and White, W.B. (2011). A low-cost reinforcement procedure improves short-term weight loss outcomes. American Journal of Medicine, 124(11), 1082-1085. PMCID: PMC3200484. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2011.04.016.

b. Byrne, S., Barry, D., Petry, N. M. (2012). Predictors of weight loss success. Exercise vs. dietary self-efficacy and treatment attendance. Appetite, 58(2), 695-698. PMCID: PCM3726181. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.01.005.

c. Weinstock, J., and Petry, N. M. (2016). Framing financial incentives to increase physical activity among overweight and obese adults. Annals of Internal Medicine, 165(8), 599. PMCID: PMC - Journal in process. doi: 10.7326/L16-0281.

2. Enhancing Exercise

a. Andrade, L. F., Barry, D., Litt, M. D. and Petry N. M. (2014). Maintaining high activity levels in sedentary adults with a reinforcement-thinning schedule. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 47, 523-536. PMCID: PMC4778539. doi: 10.1002/jaba.147.

b. Petry, N. M., Andrade, L. F., Barry, D., and Byrne, S. (2013). A randomized study of reinforcing ambulatory exercise in older adults. Psychology and Aging, 28, 1164-1173. PMCID: PMC3966185. doi: 10.1037/a0032563.

c. Weinstock, J., Capizzi, J., Weber, S. M., Pescatello, L. S., and Petry, N. M. (2014). Exercise as an intervention for sedentary hazardous drinking college students: A pilot study. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 7, 55-62. PMCID: PMC4058428. doi:10.1016/j.mhpa.2014.02.002.

We also currently have two grants investigating the use of reinforcement procedures to increase exercise: (1) Reinforcing exercise adherence in cocaine abusers. R01DA027615 (Petry), and (2) Healthy activities for prize incentives (HAPI). R01DA022739 (Petry).

3. Medication Adherence

a. Petry, N.M., Rash, C.J., Byrne, S., Ashraf, S., and White, W.B. (2012). Financial reinforcers for improving medication adherence: Findings from a Meta-analysis. American Journal of Medicine, (9), 888-896. doi:/10.1016.j.amjmed.2012.01.003 PMCID: PMC3432682.

b. Petry, N. M., Alessi, S. M., Byrne, S., and White, W. B. (2015). Reinforcing adherence to antihypertensive medications. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 17(1), 33-8. PMCID: PMC4293311. doi: 10.1111/jch.12441.

We also currently have one grant investigating the use of reinforcement procedures to enhance medication adherence in patients with HIV: ART adherence and secondary prevention of HIV. R01DA022739 (Petry).

4. Diabetes

a. Petry, N. M., Cengiz, E., Wagner, J. A., Hood, K. K., Carria, L., and Tamborlane, W. V. (2013). Incentivizing behaviour change to improve diabetes care. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 15, 1071-1076. PMCID: PMC3737360. doi: 10.1111/dom.12111.

b. Walter, K. N., and Petry, N. M. (2015). Patients with diabetes respond well to contingency management treatment targeting alcohol and substance use. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 20, 916-926. PMCID: PMC4668112. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2014.991334.

c. Petry, N. M., Cengiz, E., Wager, J., Weyman, K., Tichy, E., and Tamborlane, W. V. (2015). Testing for Rewards: A pilot study to improve Type 1 Diabetes management in adolescents. Diabetes Care, 38, 1952-1954. PMCID: PMC4580608. doi: 10.2337/dc15-0765.