Nasal polyps are small, benign growths that develop in the nose or sinuses. They are caused by chronic inflammation and are painless, but larger polyps can block nasal passages, cause infections, and interfere with breathing and sense of smell. Common symptoms of nasal polyps include loss of sense of smell or taste, persistent stuffy or runny nose, pain in the head or mouth, and snoring.
Diagnosis of nasal polyps usually consists of a physical exam. If further testing is needed, your doctor may recommend an endoscopy where a small camera is inserted into the nasal passage or imaging such as a CT scan. Once polyps have been confirmed, treatment options include medication to shrink the polyps or surgery to remove them. Your doctor can help you decide which option is right for you.