Laryngeal cancers occur in the larynx, the portion of the throat between the base of the tongue and the trachea. Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include throat pain, ear pain, cough, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and a lump in the throat.
A physical exam by one of our specially-trained physicians along with a biopsy of the tissue is the most common means of diagnosis. A CT scan, MRI or PET scan along with a barium swallow (a test where the patient drinks a liquid containing barium, and a series of X-rays are taken) are also common.
The treatment of laryngeal cancer varies depending on several factors such as the stage of cancer, the size and location of the tumor, and the degree to which it affects the normal functioning of the larynx. Common treatments include radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.
Pharyngeal cancer is found in the pharynx, the section of the throat behind the mouth and nasal cavity. Symptoms include facial pain, swelling in the neck, nosebleeds or congestion, headaches, and changes in hearing.
Diagnosis of pharyngeal cancer is similar to that of laryngeal cancer and often consists of a physical exam and either a CT scan, MRI, or PET scan. Treatment is also similar and can include radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.