Esophageal Squamous Papillomas
What is it?
Esophageal squamous papillomas are abnormal growths that can occur in the esophagus. Though it is not clear what causes them or who is at higher risk of having them, there is an association with certain viruses. Esophageal squamous papillomas have the potential to become cancerous, so treatment is typically recommended.
What are the symptoms?
Esophageal squamous papillomas typically do not cause symptoms until they are large and cause trouble swallowing.
How is it diagnosed?
Esophageal squamous papillomas are usually diagnosed with an EGD or upper endoscopy, where a flexible camera is used to evaluate the esophagus. These lesions are usually incidentally found during a routine EGD.
How is it treated?
Once an esophageal squamous papilloma is seen on an EGD or upper endoscopy, treatment by removal depends on the size, location, and depth of the lesion. Smaller lesions can be removed with biopsy forceps, but large lesions need endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), which can be performed by our specialized gastroenterologists. Most removals will cure this condition, as the reoccurrence of these lesions is rare.